Located 160km North West of Nairobi, Nakuru is the fourth largest urban centre in Kenya after
The town started as a railway station on Kenyan-Uganda railway at the turn of this century. Established by the British as part of the White highlands during the colonial era, it has continued growing into a cosmopolitan town. The town derived its name from the Maasai speaking people of
Nakuru is sandwiched between
Agriculture, manufacturing and tourism are the backbone of the economy of Nakuru. The surrounding area is known for its vast agricultural potential with numerous small farms and also vast agricultural enterprises. The main crops include coffee, wheat, barley, maize, and beans. They provide the primary raw material for the manufacturing industries found in the town. These industries include flour milling and grain ginneries. Dairy farming is a key economic activity and provides the inputs for various milk processing plants around the town.
The town and region are endowed with vast resources that include Lake
The town is an important educational center too hosting Egerton University, a large public university, and Kabarak University, a private university, The Rift Valley Institute of Technology and the Kenya Industrial Training Institute (KITI) among others.
There are numerous types of housing in the town such as high rise, maisonettes, bungalows, semi-detached, terrace housing, row housing and informal housing typologies. Private housing offers a wide range of housing typologies as most people own and occupy their units.